ACT Math : How to find the part from the whole with percentage

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ACT Math

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Example Questions

Example Question #13 : Percentage

The Jones household consumed 35 pounds of salt last year.  As part of a healthier diet, they would like to cut their salt consumption by 40% in the coming year.  To reach their goal, what is the maximum amount of salt that the Jones’ can consume?

 

Possible Answers:

49

21

39

42

Correct answer:

21

Explanation:

Solve by finding 40% of last year’s salt consumption.

         35 * 40% = reduction needed

         35 *.4 = 14

         35 – 14 = 21

 

 

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Part From The Whole With Percentage

If n% of 400 is 260, then what is 20% of n?

Possible Answers:

25

13

14

15

31

Correct answer:

13

Explanation:

n% of 400 is 260

A number as a percentage of a second number is equal to the first number divided by the second number, times 100%.

260 / 400 * 100% = .65 * 100% = 65%. n = 65.

20% of n?

20% of 65 is equal to 65 * 20 / 100 = 65 / 5 = 13.

Example Question #2 : How To Find The Part From The Whole With Percentage

Auditions are being held for the annual school musical.  There are 18 roles available in the show.  If 75 students try out, what percentage of the students will get a role in the musical?

Possible Answers:

30%

22%

26%

24%

28%

Correct answer:

24%

Explanation:

Percentage is #roles / # students = 18 / 75 = 0.24 = 24%

Example Question #111 : Arithmetic

You are making cookies and mixing the dry ingredients: flour, white sugar and brown sugar. If the recipe calls for 3 1/4 cups of flour, 1/2 cup of white sugar and 3/4 cup of brown sugar, what percentage of the recipe is white sugar?

Possible Answers:

17.5%

20%

11.1%

10%

16.7%

Correct answer:

11.1%

Explanation:

Total ingredients = 3 1/4 cups + 1/2 cup + 3/4 cup = 4 1/2 cups

White sugar percentage = white sugar / total = (1/2)/(9/2) = .111 = 11.1%

Example Question #2 : How To Find The Part From The Whole With Percentage

Jamie bought shoes for 30% off the regular price of $37.99, rounded to the nearest cent. If she wanted to use exact change to pay, how much would she need in coins?

Possible Answers:

\small 40\cent

\small 39\cent

\small 59\cent

\small 99\cent

\small 41\cent

Correct answer:

\small 59\cent

Explanation:

30\% \ of\ 37.99 = 11.397

37.99-11.397=26.593

\approx \$26.59

Example Question #112 : Arithmetic

A class has 25 students. If 60% of them are boys, how many students are girls?

Possible Answers:

18

10

12

15

Correct answer:

10

Explanation:

If 60% of the students are boys, 40% are girls  \small (100-60=40). Multiply 25 by 40% \small (25*.4=10). Therefore, 10 students are girls.

Example Question #113 : Arithmetic

The preceding graph depicts students' favorite colors. If there are 30 students in the class, how many prefer blue?

Possible Answers:

7

6

8

9

Correct answer:

6

Explanation:

20% of the students prefer blue. We can calculate the number of students that prefer blue by multiplying the percentage by the total number of students.

 \small (0.20)(30)=6

Example Question #5 : How To Find The Part From The Whole With Percentage

 is what part of ?

Round your answer to the nearest percentage.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To find how much percent  is of , simply divide  by  and multiply that answer by 100.

Thus,

  

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