ACT Math : How to add square roots

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ACT Math

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : How To Add Square Roots

Find the sum:

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Find the Sum:

Simplify the radicals:

Example Question #11 : Square Roots And Operations

Add   

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The first step when adding square roots is to simplify each term as much as possible. Since the first term has a square within the square root, we can reduce to . Now each term has only prime numbers within the sqaure roots, so nothing can be further simplified and our new expression is .

Only terms that have the same expression within the sqaure root can be combined. In this question, these are the first and third terms. When combining terms, the expression within the square root stays the say, while the terms out front are added. Therefore we get . Since the second term of the original equation cannot be combined with any other term, we get the final answer of .

Example Question #1 : How To Add Square Roots

Simplify: 

 

Possible Answers:

None of the other answers

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Take each fraction separately first:

(2√3)/(√2) = [(2√3)/(√2)] * [(√2)/(√2)] = (2 * √3 * √2)/(√2 * √2) = (2 * √6)/2 = √6

Similarly:

(4√2)/(√3) = [(4√2)/(√3)] * [(√3)/(√3)] = (4√6)/3 = (4/3)√6

Now, add them together:

√6 + (4/3)√6 = (3/3)√6 + (4/3)√6 = (7/3)√6

Example Question #3 : How To Add Square Roots

Simplify the following expression: 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Begin by factoring out each of the radicals:

For the first two radicals, you can factor out a  or :

The other root values cannot be simply broken down. Now, combine the factors with :

This is your simplest form.

Example Question #36 : Basic Squaring / Square Roots

Solve for .

Note, :

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Begin by getting your  terms onto the left side of the equation and your numeric values onto the right side of the equation:

Next, you can combine your radicals. You do this merely by subtracting their respective coefficients:

Now, square both sides:

Solve by dividing both sides by :

Example Question #11 : Square Roots And Operations

Simplify:

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Begin simplifying by breaking apart the square roots in question. Thus, you know:

Now, with square roots, you can combine factors just as if a given root were a variable. So, just as , so too does .

Example Question #4 : How To Add Square Roots

Simplify: .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Begin simplifying by breaking apart the square roots in question. Thus, you know:

Now, with square roots, you can combine factors just as if a given root were a variable. So, just as , so too does 

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