4th Grade Science : Earth and Space Science

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for 4th Grade Science

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Earth And Space Science

Fill in the blank. 

The condition of the atmosphere each day is known as the __________.  

Possible Answers:

weather 

temperature  

precipitation 

climate 

Correct answer:

weather 

Explanation:

To answer this question correctly, we need to understand the terms in the answer choices:

Weather is the condition of the atmosphere each day. Weather can be described by the temperature, amount of precipitation, and the humidity.

Climate is the overall weather patterns that last for long periods of time in a certain area. For example, the climate in a tropical area is generally always warm, it doesn't change day by day. 

Temperature is the degree of heat in the atmosphere. 

Precipitation is the amount of rain, snow, hail, or sleet that falls.

Based on the question, weather is the correct answer because it changes each day. 

Example Question #2 : Earth And Space Science

Fill in the blank. 

The overall weather pattern in a certain area is called the __________. 

Possible Answers:

weather

climate 

precipitation 

temperature 

Correct answer:

climate 

Explanation:

To answer this question correctly, we need to understand the terms in the answer choices:

Weather is the condition of the atmosphere each day. Weather can be described by the temperature, amount of precipitation, and the humidity.

Climate is the overall weather patterns that last for long periods of time in a certain area. For example, the climate in a tropical area is generally always warm, it doesn't change day by day. 

Temperature is the degree of heat in the atmosphere. 

Precipitation is the amount of rain, snow, hail, or sleet that falls.

Based on the question, climate is the correct answer because climate is an overall weather patter. 

Example Question #3 : Earth And Space Science

Select the moon phase that comes after a full moon. 

Possible Answers:

Waxing Crescent Moon

Waning Crescent Moon

Waxing Gibbous Moon

Waning Gibbous Moon

Correct answer:

Waning Gibbous Moon

Explanation:

Using the diagram below, we see the full moon on the right side. Following the pattern of the arrows, waning gibbous moon comes after the full moon. 

Moon phase

Example Question #4 : Earth And Space Science

How many phases does the moon go through? 

Possible Answers:

Five

Eight

Seven

Six

Correct answer:

Eight

Explanation:

The moon goes through eight phases, as outlined in the diagram provided: 

Moon phase

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